Infertility can be described as the inability to conceive after a long period of trying, which could be anywhere above 6 months. It has been researched that Infertility affects above 15 percent of all couples worldwide.
The cause of infertility can exist in either partner; in fact 40 percent of cases are usually male. Within the female partner, it is referred to as female Infertility.
Causes of Female infertility
The most common causes include:

  • Damage to the uterus.
  • Ovulation problems.
  • Ovarian ducts.
  • Cervix Issues.

Age is also a strong contributor to infertility because as time passes, women come closer to menopause, and chances of fertilization slowly drop.
 
Ovulation problems can develop because of one or some of these:

  • A hormonal imbalance.
  • Alcohol use.
  • Drug use, including caffeine.
  • Stress.
  • A tumor or cyst.
  • Eating disorders such as anorexia or bulimia.
  • Excess weight.
  • Thyroid gland problems.
  • Extremely brief menstrual cycles.

 
Damage to the uterus or ovarian ducts can be caused by:

  • A birth defect.
  • Fibroids.
  • A previous infection, usually STD’s.
  • Scar tissue or adhesions.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease.
  • Polyps in the uterus.
  • A previous ectopic pregnancy.

Abnormal cervical mucus can also cause infertility. Cervical mucus secretions that are too thick can trap the sperm and prevent them from reaching or penetrating the egg.
 
How is it diagnosed?
Doctors may use one of the following:

  • Ultrasound to look for problems with the uterus or ovaries.
  • A urine or blood test to check for infections or hormone problems, including thyroid function.
  • Abdominal laparoscopy.
  • Pelvic and breast exam.
  • A sample of cervical mucus tissue to determine if ovulation is occurring.
  • Hysteroscopy, using a little telescope to look for uterine anomalies.

 
How is it treated?
Contemporary medicine usually employs one of these methods:

  • Antibiotics to remove an infection.
  • Taking medications to stimulate ovulation.
  • Taking hormones to solve a hormonal imbalance, endometriosis or a short menstrual cycle.
  • Surgery to remove scar tissue or tumors.

 
Herbal treatment
Herbal medicine is recognized as a legitimate practice and there are bodies and organizations with which practitioners are registered.
There are a variety of herbal treatments used to improve fertility and general health. There are the ayuverdic herbs from India and the Chinese herbs which have both been in use for over 2500 years.
But we will be focusing today is on herbs in Nigeria that are used to treat infertility.
Herbs can be used appropriately to treat any type of infertility condition, enhancing the effects on gonadotropins on the system and preventing or curing infections of the reproductive system in both males and females.
 
Fertility herbs in Nigeria
For those prone to miscarriages these herbs are known to help:

  • Sandpaper tree, Epin Ficus exerspirata
  • Amunututu Basella alba Indian Spinach
  • Epaikun Curculigo pilosa
  • Jokoje CIssampelos owariensis
  • Abere picralima nitida

 
For Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome:

  • Snowflake acacia Tude Calliandra portoricensis
  • Akoigun Aristolochia repens

 
Problems with menstruation

  • Snowflake acacia, Tude Calliandra portoricensis
  • Watermelon, Bara Citrulus lonatis
  • Sandpaper tree, Epin Ficus exersperata
  • Ginger, Atale Zingiber officanale
  • Maize, Agbado Zee mays
  • Asuwon Oyinbo Cassia alata
  • Bitter melon Momordica charantia

 
For Fibriods:

  • In addition to others, Asuwon Oyinbo Cassia alata

 
For Endometriosis:

  • Egbesi Nauclea latifolia
  • Other herbs used to treat female infertility include:
  • Indian Cork Tree Newbouldia laevis, taking a teaspoon of the powdered bark in hot water twice daily.
  • Day flower Comelina diffusa
  • Indian Kamila Mallotus oppositifolius
  • Hogweed Boerhavia diffusa
  • Consumption weed Cleome viscose
  • Chinese bar Triumfetta rhomoboidea