Snakes are poisonous animal that can cause death easily; they prey on any living organisms, irrespective of the size of the organism.
They are baleful and very cruel in their attack; snakes are ubiquitous, they have no specific location but species of snake varies with locations depending on the environmental condition in that area.
Some snakes are venomous while others are not; whether they are venomous or not, what matters is safety because it is quite difficult to know a venomous snake. This is why it is very important you know the nature of snake in your vicinity.
Pet animals like dogs are very important in the home; they are naturally endowed with the ability to see and perceive danger and for security reasons. This is why in most houses, there are various breed of dogs, chiefly to prevent dangers. The system of keeping pets like a dog is very important; there are basically three systems of keeping pet animals; intensive, semi-intensive and extensive system. The intensive system provides intensive care for the dog; it is restricted to the cage, where it feeds and sleeps. The semi-intensive system is where the dogs are provided with a home and allowed to roam about freely in search of foods and play around; lastly, the extensive system is a system where a dog is made to fend for itself.
Dogs kept under semi-intensive and extensive system are vulnerable to wild attack like snake bites.
As lovely as dogs are, a bite from a snake will greatly debase the system of the dog, causing death if proper medical attention is not given. Dogs are also hardy but most times snakes subdue them with their venom; most times, the snakes target their muzzle, head and their leg.
Snake bites in dogs may and may not be easily detected; it greatly depends on the concentration of the venom of the snake. Some snake bites are easily noticed in dogs as they have instant reaction on the dogs.
Bites from vipers shows instant reaction on the dog; apart from the puncture marks on the dog, the affected part swells and the dog groins in intense pain, rapid breathing, pale gum, general weakness and the dog may eventually collapse. Bites from viper can be detected when the above symptoms are observed in the dog.
However, bites from the coral snakes like cobra are the most baleful as they chew venom into dogs.
Their venom is neurotoxic and distorts the dog’s respiratory system.
Another ominous characteristic about these snakes is that, they are very difficult to diagnose unless the attack is physically witnessed.
The effects of their bites are not seen instantly unlike the vipers, it takes about 10-18 hours for the effects of a bite from the coral snakes to manifest in the dog.
The primary symptoms are: disorientation of the dog, paralysis and difficulty in breathing; dogs attack by coral snakes barely survive because the venom would have debilitated the dog’s immune system greatly before the symptoms are noticed.
Proper medication needs to be quickly given to the dog to resuscitate the dog and salvage it before taken to the nearest vet doctor.
The best place to treat dogs bitten by snake is the vet hospital; there, the doctor adduces the type of venom and the concentration of the venom infested on the dog.
Any treatments given to the dogs before taken to the vet clinic are just first aid; they are also very important and greatly assist the vet doctor too.
- Restrict the animal movement: dogs are naturally active animals; once any snake bite has been noticed the dog should be restricted from moving about because the more they engage In any physical activities the wider the venom spreads causing more harm to the dog.
- Administer drugs like diphenhydramine, an antihistamine like Benadryl as fast as possible to mitigate the allergic reaction from the snake bite.
- Do not restrict the blood flow of the affected part: This is a common practice to curb the effects of snake venom in humans, however, it is a bad practice for dogs, and it causes more damage to the tissues.
- Do not make any cut on the affected part: Doing this inflicts more pain on the dog; it makes them weaker and can leads to fast paralysis.
- Do not attempt to suck out the venom: As a result of your affection for your dog, you could decide to suck out the venom to alleviate the pains; do not do this because human saliva contains bacteria that can cause a greater infection in the dogs.
The aforementioned treatments are mere first aid, do not limit your medications to these alone; take the dog to the nearest vet clinic for proper medication.
Also, ensure you keep your dog in a more preventive system of rearing to prevent them from attacks from baleful animals like snake; proper sanitation must be practiced to keep snakes away from the vicinity of your dogs.